Using AI responsibly to fight the coronavirus pandemic – TechCrunch

Using AI responsibly to fight the coronavirus pandemic – TechCrunch

The emergence of the novel Coronavirus has left the world in turmoil. Quad-19, the virus-causing disease has reached every part of the world, the number of cases has exceeded one million and the number of deaths worldwide is over 50,000. This is a situation that will affect us all in some way.

With lockdown enforcement, transit limits, border closures, and other measures to control the virus, law enforcement’s operating environment and security services to protect the public from harm are suddenly becoming more complex. ۔ They find themselves in the midst of an unprecedented situation, which plays an important role in preventing the spread of the virus and protecting public safety and social order in the process. In response to this growing crisis, many of these agencies and agencies are turning to AI and related technologies to support innovative and innovative ways. Enhancing surveillance, monitoring and detection capabilities is high on priority list.

For example, as the outbreak began, Reuters reported a case in China in which authorities relied on a face-recognition camera to track down a man from Hangzhou who traveled to the affected area. Was. On his return home, the local police were there to instruct him or detach him. Police in China and Spain have also begun using technology to enforce quarantine, using drone planes to patrol and broadcast audio messages to the public, to encourage them to stay home. People at Hong Kong’s airport get a monitoring bracelet that alerts authorities if they leave the house and violate the quarantine.

In the United States, a surveillance company has announced that its AI can detect increased thermal cameras, while in Thailand, border officers at airports are already using biometric screening using fever detection cameras. Are testing the system.

Isolated cases or new routine?

With the increasing number of cases, deaths and countries in lockdown at alarming rates, we can assume that these will not be isolated examples of technological innovation in response to the global crisis. In the coming days, weeks, and months of this outbreak, we will probably see more and more AI cases being exposed.

Although the application of AI can play an important role in curbing this crisis, and even protects officers and personnel from infection, we must not forget that its use has a real human rights impact. And serious concerns can arise which can be harmful and harmful. Parties trusted the government. If we do not follow this path carefully, the basic principles of human rights, civil liberties and law can be exposed or harmed. If the Pandora’s box is open then there is no need to turn around.

In a public statement March 19, the United Nations Monitor for Freedom of Speech and Media Freedom, the International US Commission on Human Rights and the Freedom of Information and Media Commission for the Protection and Cooperation of Europe released information on the outbreak Issued a joint statement on promoting and protecting access and protection, and noted the growing use of surveillance technology to track the spread of the Corona virus in particular. He acknowledged that active efforts to combat pandemic diseases are needed, but emphasized that “it is also important that such tools be limited in terms of use and purpose, and confidentiality, non-discrimination.” Protection of individual rights, journalists and other freedoms must be strictly protected.

This is not an easy task but an important task. So what can we do?

Ways to use AI responsibly to fight coronavirus epidemic

  1. Data Anonymity: While some countries are looking for individually suspected patients and their contacts, Austria, Belgium, Italy and the United States are collecting anonymous data to study people’s movements more generally. This option still gives governments the ability to track the movement of large groups, but reduces the risk of data privacy rights violations.
  2. Purpose Range: Personal data collected and processed by the Corona virus should not be reused for any other purpose. National authorities should try to ensure that large volumes of personal and medical data are used exclusively for public health reasons. In the context of the European Union’s General Data Protection Regulation (GDPR), this is a concept already implemented in Europe, but it is time for AI to become a global norm.
  3. Knowledge sharing and open access data: The UN Secretary-General, Antonio Guterres, has stressed that “global action and solidarity are very important,” and we will not win this battle alone. This applies to many, many levels of use of AI through law enforcement agencies and security services in the fight against COVID-19. These agencies and institutions must cooperate with each other, as well as with other important stakeholders in the community, including public and civil society organizations. AI cases and data should be shared and transparency should be promoted.
  4. Time Limit: Although the outbreak of this pandemic seems far-reaching over time, it will end. When this happens, national authorities will need to measure their newly acquired surveillance capabilities after the outbreak. As Yule Noah Harari has pointed out in his recent article, “Terminating an emergency is an unpleasant habit due to temporary measures, especially when there is always a new emergency on the horizon.” We need to make sure that these extraordinary abilities are truly backed out and not new.

Within the UN system, the UN Inter-Criminal and Justice Research Institute (UNICRI) is working to advance a similar approach. It has established a special center for AI and robotics in The Hague and is one of the few international actors who specially serve to prevent and control crime against AI, criminal justice, rule of law and Dedicated to watching security. It helps national authorities, especially law enforcement, understand the opportunities offered by these technologies, as well as navigate the potential pitfalls associated with these technologies.

Working in collaboration with the International Criminal Police Organization (Interpol), UNICRI set up a global platform for law enforcement, promotes debate on AI, identifies practical use cases and Explain the principles for responsible use. A lot of work has been done through this forum, but it’s still early days, and the road ahead is long.

Although the COVID-19 pandemic exemplifies many modern cases of abuse and urges governments to do their best to prevent the spread of the virus, it is important to know the basic principles, rights and Respect for governance should not be overlooked. The law should be set aside. The positive power and potential of AI is real. It can help those involved in the fight to slow the spread of debilitating illness. This can help save lives. But we have to be careful and pledge safe, ethical and responsible use of AI.

It is important that, even in times of great crisis, we remain the conscience of AI and strive to advance AI for good.

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